رئيس حكومة المنتدى
عدد الرسائل : 1146
العمر : 54
تاريخ التسجيل : 25/02/2008
|موضوع: بكالوريا فرنسا2003 الثلاثاء أبريل 01, 2008 7:05 pm|| |
ÉPREUVE ECRITE DE LANGUE VIVANTE
TOUTES SPÉCIALITÉS DU
DURÉE : DEUX HEURES COEFFICIENT : 2
L'UTILISATION DU DICTIONNAIRE BILINGUE EST AUTORISEE
CHARITIES DISCOVER TEXT APPEAL
1. Charities are always looking for ways to raise money quickly and easily and many are turning to the boom in mobile phone technology to boost donations. One charity who is exploiting the popularity of text messaging is Cafod, an international charity for overseas development. It hopes to run disaster appeals by using text messages to encourage spontaneous giving when global crisis are reported. The charity has been experimenting with the technology for a year and believes it offers a great way to get a rapid response.
2. A disaster report on the 10 o' clock news, for instance, could be followed by a bleep on supporters' mobile phones, signalling a text message from Cafod asking them to pledge money. People could then text back the amount they wish to donate, and it could be deducted from their bank or credit card. "This would give us instant access to our supporters and mean we could act much more quickly to raise emergency aid," says Nick Buxton, Cafod's web development manager.
3. Charities have only recently realised the potential benefits of text messaging (short message service or SMS) but already results are impressive. Comic Relief, another charity, ran two competitions in July. 320,000 people sent their answers by text messaging or phoning to a special phone number costing £1, of which 60p went to charity. Thanks to SMS, Comic Relief managed to raise £ 100,000.
4. One big advantage of SMS is that it allows charity to reach young donors. Cafod runs competitions and sends out messages to teenagers who opt into their SMS service and supporters can download Cafod logos onto their mobile phones. "We want people to feel like a community, that they are involved, rather than just associating charity with appeals for money," Mr Buxton added. It's not just teenagers who like SMS either. Over 45 million text messages are sent in the UK every day;, according to the Mobile Data Association, and reching s by SMS has proved beneficial too.
5. But text messaging and new technology are unlikely to replace other forms of campaigning. Jerry Walters of the Institute of Fundraising, said SMS is likely to remain one of a package of techniques, like direct mail. There is only space to get across a short message using mobile phones, so there will be a need for in-depth leaflets and the like." And if all this talk of SMS and new technology leaves you cold don't despair. Childline, an English charity, have even found a way to make money from unwanted mobile phones - recycling them for use in the developing world.
Source : The Guardian, October 18, 2002 (adapted)
overseas : à l'étranger
an appeal : un appel à dons
a bleep : un bip, signal sonore
to pledge : promettre
to download : télécharger
to get across : faire passer (un message)
in depth : en profondeur
TRAVAIL A FAIRE PAR LE CANDIDATA - Répondez en français aux questions suivantes, en utilisant uniquement les informations contenues dans le texte et en justifiant vos réponses.
1. Quel moyen les associations caritatives ont-elles trouvé pour accroître les dons?
2. Quels avantages présente -t-il?
3. Selon l'exemple du deuxième paragraphe, comment ce système pourrait-il fonctionner en cas de catastrophe?
4. Comment procède Cafod pour attirer les jeunes donateurs?
5. Les collectes de dons traditionnelles vont-elles disparaître au profit des nouvelles technologies?
B - Traduisez en français le troisième paragraphe. (4 points)
(de "Charities have only recently... " à " ...to raise £ 100,000")
C - Recopiez les phrases suivantes en les complétant à l'aide de l'élément qui convient.
1. Teenagers prefer using their mobile phones ............... sending money by mail.
2. ........................... donations by SMS are increasing, traditional charities are still successful.
3. Comic Relief wanted to attract young donors. ..................... they started the new system.
4. It is easy and fast to donate by SMS .................... it makes it possible to reach people wherever they are.
D - Recopiez le texte suivant en mettant le verbe entre parenthèses à la forme exigée par le contexte.
In Britain the percentage of teenagers who (to own) a mobile (to rise) sharply over the last three years. Last year they (to send) 30 million text messages per day. It is predicted that this figure (to increase) in the next few years.
E - Answer the following question in 6 to 8 lines in English. Give some examples.
Are mobile phones useful in everyday life?
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