رئيس حكومة المنتدى
عدد الرسائل : 1146
العمر : 54
تاريخ التسجيل : 25/02/2008
|موضوع: Adjectives/Exercise الخميس مارس 20, 2008 9:25 pm|| |
Adjectives remain invariable and precede the noun.
ex. a good boy many good boys.
Adjectives of countries, nationalities, people and places start with a capital letter.
ex: a French doctor, a Shakespearian theatre
Sequences of adjectives:sometimes we use two or more adjectives together:
ex: my brother lives in a nice new house.
In the kitchen there was a beautiful large round wooden table.
Adjectives like new/large/round/wooden are fact adjectives. they give us factual information about age, size, colour etc.
Adjectives like nice/beautiful are opinion adjectives. They tell us what somebody thinks of something or somebody.
Opinion adjectives usually go before fact adjectives
a nice long summer holiday
an interesting young man
a delicious hot vegetable soup
a beautiful large round wooden table
Sometimes we use two or more fact adjectives. Very often (but not always) we put fact adjectives in this order:
1 2 3 4 5
how big? how old? what colour? where from? what is it made of ?
a tall young man (1 >2) a large wooden table (1>5)
big blue eyes (1>3) an old Algerian song (2>4)
a small black plastic bag (1>3>5) an old white cotton dress
Adjectives of size and length (big/small/tall/short/long etc.) usually go before adjectives of shape and width(round/fat/thin/slim/wide etc):
a large round table a tall thin girl a long narrow street
When there are two colour adjectives, we use and:
a black and white dress a red,white and green flag
But: a long black dress (not: "a long and black dress")
Adjectives formed on verbs :
with a present participle, they describe an active situation:
ex: a boring film (it bores me)
with a past participle, they describe a passive situation:
ex: a broken glass(it has been broken)
Compound adjectives:In present and past participle above, you can form adjectives:
ex: home-made jam, French-speaking people
Adjectives formed WITHn number plus noun: ex:a five-star hotel, a two-week holiday ( hyphen, no plural)
Comparatives and Superlatives
We form comparatives and superlatives by:
adding ...+ er, the .....+ est to words of 1syllable or 2
ex:( lovelier/the loveliest)
e is dropped, consonant doubles (1syl c v c)
ex: larger, bigger the largest, the biggest
adding more+ adj. the most + adj. to words of 2 syllables (ful, ing,...) and more
ex: the most interesting book, commoner/ more common
Comparatives are followed by than and superlatives by in (place) or of (others)
ex. he is richer than me,
ex: Everest is the highest mountain in the world, she is the most intelligent girl of the three
Equality is expressed by : as + adjective+ as .
ex: he is as fast as a cheetah.
|Irregular Comparative and Superlative|
good better the best
bad worse the worst
little less the least
many/much more the most
old older/elder the oldest/the eldest
far farther/further the farthest/the furthest
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