Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, prepositions and whole clauses or sentences:
• He kicked the ball well past the goalie. Unfortunately that never happened again
Adverbs of frequency, time, manner and place are the most common.
Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to an adjective or -ally after -ic:
• slow >slowly • spasmodic>spasmodically
If the adjective ends in -le, the -e is replaced with -y. • reliable-reliably
If the adjective ends in -ll, only add -y: • full>fully
Most adjectives ending in -y 'change like this: • angry>angrily • happy> happily
Some adjectives ending in -ly e.g likely, lovely, ugly, deadly, are usually used as adverbs like this:
• friendly>in a friendly way
Others ending in -ly e.g. early, daily, weekly,.., can be used as adjectives or adverbs with no change.
Some adverbs have the same form as adjectives. ex:• hard, fast, far, near, early, late, direct, straight.
Notice also: • good > well
Avoid putting an adverb between the verb and its object: I like riding very much
Time adverbs normally go right at the beginning or end of the clause: • Tomorrow I'm going there
Frequency adverbs, e.g. always, never, sometimes, ... usually go between the subject and verb.
• I always drink coffee or between two parts of the verb: • she's never been late
Many adverbs of manner can be used in different positions in a clause, although the end position is most typical: • he tore the letter up slowly • she quickly left the room
Front position gives more emphasis: • suddenly the door flew open
Long adverbs and adverbial phrases usually go at the end of the clause:
• she read it aloud monotonously • he crossed the road without looking
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